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Employment Compensation Claims

If you’ve had a dispute at work such as wrongful termination or discrimination, you may be able to claim compensation. Your case will be reviewed by our panel of legal firms who will be able to tell you how much you could be owed.

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Overview of employment claims

Employment claims refer to legal disputes between employees and their employers. These claims can arise from various issues such as wrongful termination, discrimination, harassment, breach of contract and unpaid wages. Employment claims can be filed by current or former employees who feel that their employer has violated their rights.

The criteria needed to qualify for an employment claim

To qualify for an employment claim, the claimant must meet certain criteria. For instance, in the case of wrongful termination, the employee must prove that they were terminated unlawfully. This may include being terminated due to discrimination, retaliation or breach of contract. Similarly, in cases of discrimination or harassment, the employee must provide evidence that they were treated unfairly on the basis of their race, gender, sexual orientation, religion or another protected characteristic.

In addition, the claimant must also ensure that they have followed the correct procedures before filing a claim. For example, they may be required to file an informal complaint with their employer before proceeding to an employment tribunal.

Did you know?

Unlawful treatment includes but is not limited to unfair dismissal, discrimination in the workplace, breach of contract and unauthorised deductions from your pay.

The legal argument

When filing an employment claim, the claimant must provide a legal argument to support their case. This argument should be based on relevant employment laws and regulations, as well as any contractual agreements between the employer and the employee.

Before you can file a claim in the UK, you must also tell the Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service (ACAS). ACAS works with millions of employees and employers each year to improve workplace relationships.

Key Facts

At the end of September 2022, there were 493,000 employment claims outstanding external link icon white

The evidence needed to support the claim

To win an employment claim, the claimant must provide evidence to support their case. This may include documentation such as emails, contracts and performance evaluations, as well as witness statements and testimony.

In cases of wrongful termination, the claimant may need to provide evidence that they were dismissed unfairly, such as not being given the notice period or notice pay they were entitled to. This may include their original contract, an official termination letter or messages and emails from their employer.

In cases of discrimination or harassment, the claimant will need to provide evidence of discriminatory or harassing behaviour. If this is verbal, it may be harder to prove, but witness statements from colleagues can help. And written evidence like emails or messages is valuable too.

Did you know?

Early conciliation is free, confidential and quicker than going to a tribunal. Talks usually take place over the phone and last for up to 6 weeks.

A guide to compensation amounts

Compensation amounts for employment claims can vary widely depending on the nature of the claim and the damages suffered by the claimant, but you won’t be awarded more than a year’s gross pay.

In cases of unfair dismissal, the claimant will be entitled to a ‘basic award’ and a ‘compensatory award’, but they won’t be able to claim compensation for the upset or stress they’ve experienced unless they are also claiming discrimination.

It’s also worth bearing in mind that the tribunal won’t award compensation for the time or costs involved in making a claim unless they decide the employer has behaved unreasonably in the tribunal.

Key Facts

In 2020/2021, there were a total of 117,926 employment claims external link icon white made in the UK, with 23,904 of those being for unfair dismissal

How long do employment claims typically take?

The length of time it takes to resolve an employment claim can vary widely depending on the complexity of the case and the legal procedures involved. In some cases, a claim may be resolved through informal negotiations between the two parties, while in other cases, it may proceed to trial and take several months or years to resolve.

The claim process

As mentioned above, the claims process for employment claims in the UK can vary depending on the specific type of claim being made, but here is a general overview of the process:

Attempt to resolve the issue informally

Before making a formal claim, it’s often best to try to resolve the issue informally by speaking with your employer or HR department. This can be done through informal discussions, mediation or grievance procedures.

Start the ACAS Early Conciliation process

If you are unable to resolve the issue informally, you must contact ACAS to start the early conciliation process external link icon white. This involves completing an early conciliation form and providing details about the dispute.

Lodge a claim with the Employment Tribunal

If the early conciliation process is unsuccessful, you can then lodge a claim with the Employment Tribunal. The specific process for doing so will depend on the type of claim being made. For example, for an unfair dismissal claim, you will need to complete an ET1 form.

Attend a preliminary hearing

Once your claim has been accepted by the Employment Tribunal, you will be asked to attend a preliminary hearing. This hearing will determine how the case will proceed and if there are any preliminary issues that need to be addressed.

Attend a full hearing

If the case is not resolved at the preliminary hearing, it will proceed to a full hearing where evidence will be presented and the case will be decided by an employment judge.

Appeal the decision

If you are not happy with the decision made by the Employment Tribunal, you may be able to appeal the decision to the Employment Appeals Tribunal (EAT) or, in some cases, the Court of Appeal.

Common questions

How long do I have to file a claim?

The deadline for filing a claim varies depending on the type of claim you’re making. However, in most cases, you’ll have three months (minus one day) from when the event happened to begin early conciliation. You’ll then have at least one month to make a claim to the employment tribunal. If you’re claiming equal pay or redundancy pay, you’ll have six months (minus one day) to start early conciliation.

What if my employer retaliates against me for filing a claim?

It’s illegal for employers to retaliate against employees for filing a claim. If you experience retaliation, you can file a separate claim for this.

For more common questions, please refer to the specific claim pages or read our general FAQs page.

Choose claim

Choose from the different claims below. You can either visit the page to read more about the claim or submit your claim straight away.

Unfair Dismissal

Claim compensation for any type of workplace dismissal which you believe was unfair.


Claim compensation for any type of discrimination which left you disadvantaged.